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Virtual Environments as a Technological Interface between Cultural Heritage and the Sustainable Development of the City

From Public Play Space Community


Georgios Artopoulos


Nikolas Bakirtzis, Colter Wehmeier, Panayiotis Charalambous, Charalambos Ioannou, Harry Varnava, Agni Petridou;

Cyprus Department of Antiquities; Nicosia Municipality; AVL, NCSA University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Nicosia, Cyprus

Purpose Activation.pngActivation
Purpose Interconnection.pngInterconnection
Purpose Collaberating.pngCollaborating
Purpose Raise awareness.pngRaise Awareness
Purpose Educate.pngEducate
Purpose Visualise needs.pngVisualize Needs
Purpose Simulate impact of decisions.pngSimulate Impact of Decisions
Purpose Decision making.pngDecision Making
Purpose Designing.pngDesigning
Co-Creation Co-analysis.pngCo-Analysis
Co-Creation Co-design.pngCo-Design
Co-Creation Co-implementation.pngCo-Implementation
Co-Creation Co-maintenance.pngCo-Maintenance
Co-Creation Co-monitoring.pngCo-Monitoring
Empty.png Empty.png Empty.png
Outcome Decision making.pngDecision Making
Outcome Knowledge.pngKnowledge
Outcome Assesment.pngAssessment
Outcome Design.pngDesign
Outcome Inclusion.pngInclusion
Outcome Awareness.pngAwareness
Outcome Partnership.pngPartnership
Empty.png Empty.png
Mechanics Alternitive reality.pngAlternative Reality
Mechanics Role play.pngRole Play
Mechanics Rule based play.pngRule Based Play
Mechanics Location based.pngLocation Based
Mechanics Simulations.pngSimulations
Mechanics Mapping.pngMapping
Mechanics Geolocation.pngGeolocation
Mechanics Hypothesis.pngHypothesis
Mechanics Metagame.pngMetagame
Technology & Tools Analoge Tangibles.pngAnaloge Tangibles
Technology & Tools AR VR.pngAR / VR
Technology & Tools Audio Visual.pngAudio Visual
Technology & Tools Data AI.pngData AI
Technology & Tools Data Collection Visualization.pngData Collection/Visualization
Technology & Tools Digital Interface.pngDigital Interface
Technology & Tools Mobile.pngMobile
Empty.png Empty.png
Aesthetics Sensation.pngSensation
Aesthetics Imagination.pngImagination
Aesthetics Assemblage.pngAssemblage
Aesthetics Pysical activity construction.pngPhysical Activity / Construction
Aesthetics Realism.pngRealism
Empty.png Empty.png Empty.png
Scale Metropolitan.png Metropolitan
Scale City.png City
Scale District.png District
Scale Neighbourhood.png Neighbourhood
Scale Street.png Street
Scale Undefined.png Undefined
Empty.png Empty.png Empty.png
Audience Community.png Community
Audience Planning expert.png Planning Expert
Audience Stakeholders.png Audience Stakeholders
Audience Policy Makers.png Policy Makers
Empty.png Empty.png
Empty.png Empty.png Empty.png
Scope Individual.png Individual
Scope Small group.png Metropolitan
Scope Larger group.png Small Group
Scope Crowd.png Crowd
Scope Pre-defined.png Pre-Defined
Empty.png Empty.png Empty.png

This research proposes a methodology for the cross-disciplinary study and analysis of complex urban realities, such as historic Mediterranean cities, with the use of advanced digital tools for the creation and development of real-time virtual environments for research and collaboration that capture data of users’ behaviour in space. The objective of this research is a digital platform, which through immersion, cinematic language, urban modeling, interaction and crowd simulation enables the evaluation of alternative planning scenarios and design interventions in the context of the management plan of open public spaces that used to be popular within the urban fabric of European cities but are now forgotten or in limbo due to political, economic, or social pressures.

First step in this methodology is a ‘virtual world creator’: this tool allows users to choose, sketch, follow and virtually explore paths and routes inside the projected space in order to offer their personal account of how the specific public space should operate and consolidate their understanding of the complex urban space (Figure 1). The interface enables sketching proposed routes in and around the historic site by users. These routes are then automatically mapped in the virtual environment in order for their ‘co-creators’ and others to walk them and assess their experience in Virtual Reality. This research invests in utilizing data from real world crowds, both for simulation and analysis of crowd behaviour in different scenarios (e.g., different paths as defined by real users), hence the case presented focuses on data-driven approaches (Figure 2). The process involves a) tracking spatio-temporal trajectories of people in image space, b) ortho-projecting them from image to world space and finally c) animating them by placing virtual characters on them.

We applied this methodology in COST Action Training events, and local VR theatre evaluation sessions to engage local stakeholders, international experts, authorities and inhabitants of the city in the management of the archaeological site of the moat of the medieval city of Nicosia (Figure 3), and we co-designed walking platforms through the excavated area of the moat in order to promote its historical significance for the city as well as its reintegration in the network of public spaces and circulation routes around the historic neighbourhood of the Paphos Gate (Figure 4). This method delivers experiences that facilitate steering the planning and site management process towards the right direction since all distinct groups of citizens should be offered opportunities to grow links with a place which will contribute to a feeling of belonging. These opportunities emerge out of the co-development of common visions for their neighbourhood and the public spaces they occupy, their familiarization with social and cultural conditions, the topography of a place, its history and associated local narratives.

The project has been selected as one of the two winners of the Call for Best Practices of the PPS Project with the following motivation

“The project fully takes advantage of the opportunities offered by the use of an advanced interactive technology as VR, not only as a tool to engage the users, but also as a means for collecting data to inform the co-design process.

The tool seems extremely flexible to be applied in other and different contexts, offering a useful resource for designers, planners, policy makers, and citizens.”


“If you think about games for participatory placemaking through advanced technology, you might as well envision this game. Virtual Environments as a Technological Interface between Cultural Heritage and the Sustainable Development of the City allows you to explore future spaces through VR while walking through the still to be developed area. With VR technologies incorporated in nearly every modern mobile phone, is a grand promise for what the future of placemaking could look like. Suppose you manage to build a platform that can incorporate 3D models, running on the standard software from architects and can translate that to VR technology on mobile phones, there is a bright future for this game. Both in architecture as in placemaking.”


“This experience uses a virtual reality generator with a feedback management system. In this way, players are provided with a series of scenarios to give feedback on. This game uses the most advanced technologies to help people choose between different options in building cultural and public spaces. “