From Public Play Space Community


Royal Haskoning dhv

The netherlands, 2020
Purpose Activation.pngActivation
Purpose Interconnection.pngInterconnection
Purpose Collaberating.pngCollaborating
Purpose Raise awareness.pngRaise Awareness
Purpose Educate.pngEducate
Purpose Visualise needs.pngVisualize Needs
Purpose Simulate impact of decisions.pngSimulate Impact of Decisions
Purpose Decision making.pngDecision Making
Purpose Designing.pngDesigning
Co-Creation Co-analysis.pngCo-Analysis
Co-Creation Co-design.pngCo-Design
Co-Creation Co-implementation.pngCo-Implementation
Co-Creation Co-maintenance.pngCo-Maintenance
Co-Creation Co-monitoring.pngCo-Monitoring
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Outcome Decision making.pngDecision Making
Outcome Knowledge.pngKnowledge
Outcome Assesment.pngAssessment
Outcome Design.pngDesign
Outcome Inclusion.pngInclusion
Outcome Awareness.pngAwareness
Outcome Partnership.pngPartnership
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Mechanics Alternitive reality.pngAlternative Reality
Mechanics Role play.pngRole Play
Mechanics Rule based play.pngRule Based Play
Mechanics Location based.pngLocation Based
Mechanics Simulations.pngSimulations
Mechanics Mapping.pngMapping
Mechanics Geolocation.pngGeolocation
Mechanics Hypothesis.pngHypothesis
Mechanics Metagame.pngMetagame
Technology & Tools Analoge Tangibles.pngAnaloge Tangibles
Technology & Tools AR VR.pngAR / VR
Technology & Tools Audio Visual.pngAudio Visual
Technology & Tools Data AI.pngData AI
Technology & Tools Data Collection Visualization.pngData Collection/Visualization
Technology & Tools Digital Interface.pngDigital Interface
Technology & Tools Mobile.pngMobile
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Aesthetics Sensation.pngSensation
Aesthetics Imagination.pngImagination
Aesthetics Assemblage.pngAssemblage
Aesthetics Pysical activity construction.pngPhysical Activity / Construction
Aesthetics Realism.pngRealism
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Scale Metropolitan.png Metropolitan
Scale City.png City
Scale District.png District
Scale Neighbourhood.png Neighbourhood
Scale Street.png Street
Scale Undefined.png Undefined
Empty.png Empty.png Empty.png
Audience Community.png Community
Audience Planning expert.png Planning Expert
Audience Stakeholders.png Audience Stakeholders
Audience Policy Makers.png Policy Makers
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Scope Individual.png Individual
Scope Small group.png Small Group
Scope Larger group.png Small Group
Scope Crowd.png Crowd
Scope Pre-defined.png Pre-Defined
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City Resilience Teams face two dilemmas in creating a strategic overall resilience strategy. The first is bringing different asset owners, each with very different viewpoints, to be part of the process. The second is to bring these subjective viewpoints together to create an objective strategy. STAIN is a new tool which gives teams a fresh view, helping to convert subjective views into an objective strategic view.

Collaboration between different parties is important in adaptation processes because Cities, as entities, do not own all the assets in a city region. City ambitions like energy transition, climate adaptation and health all require collaborations between different city departments and between the city and citizens, businesses, housing associations and other stakeholders. Participatory modelling is a way to set up this collaboration in an early phase and then strengthen it in more detailed planning phases.

Sometimes we forget how valuable city expert knowledge is for these adaptation processes, especially when there are detailed maps available on heat-island effects, floods, air quality and noise. These experts know exactly what is important in a certain part of the city, how citizens respond to actions from the city council, what types of measures will work, and which won’t.

Resilience strategy calls for a bigger picture and a combination of different types of solutions. Protective, robust measures will solve problems for a certain period, but for long-term, resilient planning you need to complement robust solutions (such as sewage systems and flood retaining walls) with integral (e.g. nature-based solutions), flexible (e.g. early warning systems, awareness campaigns and educational programs) and redundant solutions (e.g. flood protective transformer stations).

STAIN is designed to reach that required level of common understanding and uses a certain abstraction to keep the bigger picture in mind. The people attending a STAIN workshop use their own expert knowledge on city assets, residents and short-term city plans and explain this to each other in order to reach a level of understanding and agreement. Not only does this result in an integral strategy, but the further planning and development phases also benefit from this level of agreement and understanding. This can accelerate the urban planning process.

The City of Rotterdam finished their resilience strategy “Rotterdams Weerwoord” in 2019 and used STAIN to translate this strategy into an approach for one of their city districts. City experts with backgrounds in, among others, asset management, mobility and water management, attended the workshop and talked about different ways to achieve the goals from the overall resilience strategy. Each expert knew about current projects and plans, where problems occurred, how residents would respond to certain solutions, and in which situations they would need to collaborate with different stakeholders.

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The workshop resulted in a district approach based on “Rotterdams Weerwoord”. Participants of the STAIN session were quick to show enthusiasm. “The best part of this workshop was being able to learn so much from my colleagues,” commented one of the experts.

STAIN 1.png
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